Parametric connected sum

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(Applications)
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The analogue of such a construction for [[High_codimension_embeddings|embeddings]], the $S^k$-parametric connected sum of embeddings, is used
The analogue of such a construction for [[High_codimension_embeddings|embeddings]], the $S^k$-parametric connected sum of embeddings, is used
* to define, for $m\ge 2p+q+3$, a group stucture on the set $E^m(S^p \times S^q)$ of (smooth or PL) isotopy classes of embeddings $S^p \times S^q\to \Rr^m$ \cite{Skopenkov2006}, \cite{Skopenkov2015a}.
+
* to define, for $m\ge 2p+q+3$, a group stucture on the set $E^m(S^p \times S^q)$ of (smooth or PL) isotopy classes of embeddings $S^p \times S^q\to \Rr^m$ \cite{Skopenkov2006}, \S3.4, \cite{Skopenkov2006a}, \S3, \cite{Skopenkov2015a}.
* to construct an action of this group on the set of isotopy classes of embeddings of certain $(p+q)$-manifolds into $\Rr^m$ \cite{Skopenkov2014}, 1.2.
* to construct an action of this group on the set of isotopy classes of embeddings of certain $(p+q)$-manifolds into $\Rr^m$ \cite{Skopenkov2014}, 1.2.
* to estimate the set of isotopy classes of embeddings \cite{Cencelj&Repovš&Skopenkov2007}, \cite{Cencelj&Repovš&Skopenkov2008}, \cite{Skopenkov2007}, \cite{Skopenkov2010}, \cite{Skopenkov2015}, \cite{Skopenkov2015a}.
* to estimate the set of isotopy classes of embeddings \cite{Cencelj&Repovš&Skopenkov2007}, \cite{Cencelj&Repovš&Skopenkov2008}, \cite{Skopenkov2007}, \cite{Skopenkov2010}, \cite{Skopenkov2015}, \cite{Skopenkov2015a}.

Revision as of 10:38, 28 April 2016

This page has not been refereed. The information given here might be incomplete or provisional.

Contents

1 Introduction

Parametric connected sum is an operation on compact connected n-manifolds M and N equipped with codimension 0-embeddings \phi: T \to M and \psi : T \to N of a compact connected manifold
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. It generalises the usual connected sum operation

which is the special case when T = D^n is the n-disc. The parametric connected sum operation is more complicated than the usual connected

sum operation since the isotopy classes of the embeddings of
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into M may be significantly more complicated than the isotopy classes of embeddings of n-discs need for connected sum: these last are determined by (local) orientations.

2 Connected sum along k-spheres

We say above that to define connected sum for connected k-manifolds M and N it is sufficient to equip them with an isotopy class of embeddings of the k-disc. Moreover, the disjoint union D^n \sqcup D^n is the unique thickening of S^0. This motivates the following

Defintion 2.1. A manifold with an S^k-thickening, an S^k-thickened manifold for short, is a pair (M, \phi) where M is a compact connected manifold and \phi : S^k \times D^{n-k} \to \mathrm{int}(M) is an embedding.

Defintion 2.2. Let M = (M, \phi) and N = (N, \psi) by S^k-thickened manifolds. Define

\displaystyle  M \sharp_k N = (M - \phi(S^k \times \{ 0 \}) \cup (N - \psi(S^k \times \{ 0 \})/\simeq

where \simeq is defined via the embeddings \phi and \psi.

It is clear that we have the following

Observation 2.3. The diffeomorphism type of M \sharp_k N depends only upon the the isotopy classes of the embeddings \phi and \psi (which of course includes the diffeomorphism types of M and N).

2.1 Applications

The operation of S^k-connected sum was used in [Ajala1984] and [Ajala1987] to describe the set of smooth structures on the product of spheres \Pi_{i=1}^r S^{n_i}. This construction also appears in [Sako1981].

The analogue of such a construction for embeddings, the S^k-parametric connected sum of embeddings, is used

3 Parametric connected sum along thickenings

Let B be a stable fibred vector bundle. A foundational theorem of modified surgery is

Theorem 3.1 Stable classification: [Kreck1985], [Kreck1999].

\displaystyle  NSt_{2n}(B) \cong \Omega_{2n}^B.

In particular, NSt_{2n}(B) has the structure of an abelian group. The question of whether there is a geometric definition of this group structure is taken up in [Kreck1985, Chapter 2, pp 26-7] where it is shown how to use parametric connected sum along thickenings to define an addition of stable diffeomorphism classes of closed 2n-B-manifolds.

4 References

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